Ritwik Ghatak

Ritwik Ghatak

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Ritwik Ghatak

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Ritwik (Kumar) Ghatak (, ; 4 November 1925 6 February 1976) was a Bengali Indian filmmaker and script writer. Ghatak is considered to be one of the greatest and most significant filmmakers in Indian and Bengali cinema as well as the world. His stature among Indian directors is comparable to that of Satyajit Ray.

Early life

Ritwik Ghatak was born in Dhaka in East Bengal (now Bangladesh).Hood, J.W.: The Essential Mystery, page 20. He and his family moved to Calcutta (now Kolkata) in West Bengal just before millions of other refugees from East Bengal began to flood into the city, fleeing the catastrophic Bengal famine of 1943 and the partition of Bengal in 1947. Identification with this tide of refugees was to define his practice, providing an overriding metaphor for cultural dismemberment and exile that unified his subsequent creative work. The 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War, which led to more refugees fleeing to India, was to also have a similar impact on his work.

Creative career

In 1948, Ghatak wrote his first play Kalo sayar (The Dark Lake), and participated in a revival of the landmark play Nabanna. In 1951, Ghatak joined the Indian People's Theatre Association ( IPTA ). He wrote, directed and acted in plays and translated Bertolt Brecht and Gogol into Bengali. In 1957, he wrote and directed his last play Jwala (The Burning).

Ghatak entered the film industry with Nemai Ghosh's Chinnamul (1950) as actor and assistant director. Chinnamul was...
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