Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke
(May 1607 – 2 March 1643Ann Hughes, , Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2008, accessed 30 Dec 2008) was an English Civil War Roundhead
Greville was the cousin and adopted son of Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke
, and thus became 2nd Lord Brooke, and owner of Warwick Castle. He was born in 1607, and entered parliament for Warwickshire
in 1628. He was involved in the foundation of Saybrooke
During the Civil War, he commanded Parliament forces in Warwickshire
and was looked on by many as the Earl of Essex's
eventual successor. In 1642 he gained the victory of Kineton
. He took Stratford-upon-Avon in February, 1643 and was killed shortly afterwards besieging Lichfield Cathedral
on 2 March.
Greville was reportedly shot by a sniper
(a concealed person who fired at Greville with a rifle) and many consider him to be the first recorded victim of sniper fire.
Brooke, eulogized as a friend of toleration by John Milton
, wrote on philosophical, theological and current political topics. The Cambridge History of English and American Literature
said of Greville,:
- He was an ardent puritan, and, in 1641, wrote A Discourse opening the nature of that Episcopacie which is exercised in England, aimed at the......