The Romanian Revolution of 1989
was a series of riots and clashes in December 1989
. These were part of the Revolutions of 1989
that occurred in several Warsaw Pact
countries. The Romanian Revolution was the only one of these revolutions that forcibly overthrew a Communist government and executed the country's head of state.
The Revolution marked the end of the Communist regime
of Nicolae Ceaușescu
. Street protests and violence in several Romanian cities over the course of roughly a week led the Romanian dictator to abandon power and flee Bucharest
with his wife, Elena Ceaușescu
. Captured in Târgovişte
, they were tried by a military tribunal on charges of genocide
, damage to the national economy and abuse of power to execute military actions against the Romanian people. They were found guilty of all charges, were executed
December 25, 1989.
The Romanian Revolution caused 1,104 deaths, 162 of these occurring in the protests that took place from 16 to 22 December 1989 and brought an end to the Ceauşescu regime and the remaining 942 in the riots before the seizure of power by a new political structure, the National Salvation Front
. Most deaths occurred in cities such as Timişoara
, Bucharest, Sibiu
. The number of injured reached 3,352, of which 1,107 are for the period in which Ceauşescu still held power, and the remaining 2,245 are for the period after the seizure of power by the National Salvation Front.
Three major components provided reasons for... Read More