Romanticism in Poland

Romanticism In Poland

Romanticism in Poland

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Romanticism in Poland was a period in the evolution of Polish arts and culture that began with the publication of Adam Mickiewicz's first poems in 1822 and ended with the suppression of the January 1863 Uprising in 1864. The latter event ushered in a new era in Polish culture: "Positivism."

Polish Romanticism, unlike Romanticism elsewhere in Europe, was not largely limited to literary and artistic concerns. Due to peculiar Polish historic experiences, notably the partitions of Poland, it was also an idealistic, political and philosophical movement that expressed the ideas and way of life of a large portion of the Polish people.

Polish Romanticism falls into two distinct periods: 1820-1832, and 1832-1864. In the first period, Polish Romantics were heavily influenced by other European Romantics. Their art featured emotionalism and irrationality, fantasy and imagination, personality cults, folklore and country life, and the propagation of ideals of freedom. The most famous writers of the period were Adam Mickiewicz, Seweryn GoszczyƄski, Tomasz Zan and Maurycy Mochnacki.

In the second period, many of the Polish Romantics worked abroad, often due to their subversive ideas banished from Poland by the occupying powers. Their work increasingly became dominated by nationalist ideals and the struggle to regain their country's independence. Elements of mysticism became more prominent. There developed the idea of the poeta-wieszcz. The wieszcz (bard) functioned as spiritual...
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