Roorkee

Roorkee

Indian Jurisdiction
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Roorkee

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Description:
<!-- See WikiProject Indian cities for details -->

Roorkee ( Rūṛkī) is a city and a municipal council in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It is also known for Roorkee Cantonment, one of the country's oldest cantonments, and the headquarters of Bengal Engineer Group (Bengal Sappers) since 1853. The Tribune, 24 November 2008.

It is located on the banks of the Ganges canal on the national highway between Delhi and Dehradun.

Etymology

According to one story, Roorkee derives its name from Rurimadi imran, the wife of some local Rajput chieftain. On the other hand, vernacular belief amongst villagers around Roorkee is that it got its name from "Ror ki", i.e., dwelling of a Ror.

History

Roorkee was the capital of a Moghul Mahal (similar to a present day Pargana) during the time of Akbar, as is referred in Ain-e-Akbari, authored by Abul Fazal. The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 21, p. 324.

During the 18th century, it came under the rule of Landhaura state, till the death of its Bargujar king, Raja Ramdaval Dev in 1813 and later, became a part of the territories of the British East India Company.

Before 1840, the city was a small village of mud houses on the banks of the Solani rivulet. The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 21, p. 325. Digging work on the Upper Ganges Canal formally began in...
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