Roswell King

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Roswell King (1765 – February 15, 1844) was an American businessman, planter and industrialist. King and his son, Barrington King, founded Roswell, Georgia in the 1830s. A son (Roswell King, Jr.), grandson (nicknamed "Ross" or "Rossie"), and great-grandson of Roswell King bore the same name. (Bulloch 86, Myers 1584-85)

Early life



King was born in Windsor, Connecticut, the son of Timothy King, a weaver and Revolutionary naval commander, and Sarah (Fitch) King. At age fifteen, he moved to Darien, Georgia. His early professional life included jobs as surveyor in Glynn County, and Justice of the Peace in McIntosh County.

Plantation manager

He also became manager of Pierce Butler's rice and cotton plantations on Butler and St. Simons Islands, Georgia. The plantations covered hundreds of acres on each island. Five hundred slaves worked and lived there. Roswell King also owned slaves and had a plantation of his own.

In the 1830s, King moved his family from the coast to the Piedmont area around Vickery Creek (referred to as Cedar Creek at the time) that would eventually become Roswell. King had identified this as a good area for the construction of a cotton mill. He had the idea to combine cotton production and cotton processing at the same location. He invited planter friends James Stephens Bulloch and Archibald Smith to join him in the new enterprise.

Roswell, Georgia

When he moved,...
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