The Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp
() is an art academy
located in Antwerp
. It is one of the oldest of its kind in Europe. It was founded in 1663 by David Teniers the Younger
, painter to the Archduke Leopold Wilhelm
and Don Juan of Austria. Teniers was master of the Guild of St Luke
— which embraced arts and some handicrafts — and petitioned Philip IV of Spain
, then master of the Spanish Netherlands, to grant a royal charter to establish a Fine Arts Academy in Antwerp.
The Royal Academy developed into an internationally acclaimed institute for Fine Arts, Architecture and Design. From the nineteenth century on, the academy attracted young artists from abroad. Irish, German, Dutch, Polish artists looking for a solid classical training found their way to Antwerp.Under the direction of Gustave Wappers
(1803-1874) and his registrar Hendrik Conscience
the academy faced significant restructuring. The academy's significant art collection was exhibited in its own gallery space. By 1890 this gallery would develop into the Royal Museum of Fine Arts (Dutch; Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten) and would move to its current location in Antwerp.
In 1880 a promising young artist Henry Van de Velde enrolled at the Antwerp Academy. He would become one of the pioneering 20th century architects and designers. IIn 1885 and 1886 Vincent Van Gogh
was also to spend a short time at the Antwerp academy, prior to his departure to France.
In 1885, King Leopold II
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