The Royal Botanic Gardens
, are the most central of the three major botanical gardens open to the public in Sydney. (the others are the Mount Annan Botanic Garden
and the Mount Tomah Botanic Garden
). The park, managed by the same trust as The Domain
adjoining it, is free to access and open every day of the year.
Location and area
The Botanic Gardens are situated overlooking Farm Cove
, directly east of the Sydney Opera House
, Circular Quay
and Macquarie Street
. On the southern edge the Cahill Expressway
borders it and on the eastern edge, Art Gallery road. It is 30 hectares in area.
The first farm on the Australian continent, at Farm Cove, was established in 1788 by Governor Phillip
. Although that farm failed, the land has been in constant cultivation since that time, as ways were found to make the relatively infertile soils more productive.
The Botanic Gardens were founded on this site by Governor Macquarie
in 1816 as part of the Governor’s Domain. Australia's long history of collection and study of plants began with the appointment of the first Colonial Botanist, Charles Fraser
, in 1817. The Botanic Gardens is thus the oldest scientific institution in Australia and, from the earliest days, has played a major role in the acclimatisation of plants from other regions.
After a succession of colonial botanists and superintendents, including the brothers Richard and Allan... Read More