The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
), () is a Dublin
-based medical institution, situated on St. Stephen's Green
. The college is one of the five Recognised Colleges
of the National University of Ireland
. The college dates back to 1784 and at present incorporates schools of medicine
, providing both undergraduate and postgraduate levels of medical education.
Among medical institutions outside Ireland, the use of the term "Royal College
" currently indicates an oversight body for postgraduate medical education: the RCSI performs such a function, but is also unique in still having its own undergraduate medical school. The RCSI is a sister institute of the royal surgical colleges of the United Kingdom (London, Glasgow and Edinburgh).
Since medieval times, the practice of surgery
was licensed by the Barber-Surgeons' Guild
, also known at the time as the Guild of St. Mary Magdalene
. The guild chapel was in Christchurch
. Guild membership at that time was obtained by a 3 year apprenticeship
followed by 2 years as a master. In fact the College of Surgeons maintained a mandatory period of apprenticeship to a qualified surgeon until 1828. In 1446, the Barber-Surgeons' guild was incorporated
by royal decree of Henry VI
, becoming the first medical corporation
in the British Isles.
In 1765 Sylvester O'Halloran
, a surgeon from Limerick
, had proposed a College of Surgeons along the lines of the College de St. Cosme in Paris,... Read More