The Palacio Real de Madrid
(The Royal Palace of Madrid) is the official residence
of the King of Spain
in the city of Madrid
, but it is only used for state ceremonies. King Juan Carlos
and the Royal Family do not reside in the palace, choosing instead the more modest Palacio de la Zarzuela
on the outskirts of Madrid. The palace is owned by the Spanish State and administered by the Patrimonio Nacional
, a public agency of the Ministry of the Presidency. The palace is located on Calle de Bailén (Bailén Street), in the Western part of downtown Madrid, East of the Manzanares River
, and is accessible from the Ópera metro
station. The palace is partially open to public, except when it is being used for official business.
In Spanish it is sometimes incorrectly called "Palacio de Oriente" by confusion with the "Plaza de Oriente", the square which is on the East (Oriental) side of the palace.
The palace is on the site of a 9th-century fortress
, called mayrit
, constructed as an outpost by Muhammad I of Córdoba
and inherited after 1036 by the independent Moorish Taifa of Toledo
. After Madrid fell to Alfonso VI of Castile
in 1085, the edifice was only rarely used by the kings of Castile. In 1329, King Alfonso XI of Castile
convoked the cortes
of Madrid for the first time. Philip II
moved his court to Madrid in 1561.
The old Alcázar
("Castle") was built on the location in the 16th century. It burned down on December 24, 1734; King Philip V
ordered a new... Read More