The Rub el Hizb
() is a Muslim symbol
, represented as two overlapping squares, which is found on a number of emblems and flags. In Arabic, Rubʻ
means "one fourth, quarter", while Hizb
means a group or party. Initially, it was used in the Quran
, which is divided into 60 Hizb
(60 groups of roughly equal length); the symbol determines every quarter of Hizb, while the Hizb is one half of a juz'
. The main purpose of this dividing system is to facilitate recitation of the Qur'an.
The symbol is used as a marker for the end of a chapter in Arabic calligraphy
. It is represented by two overlapping squares as in the Unicode
glyph ۞ at U+06DE.
An eight-pointed star was used as a symbol of Tartessos
, an ancient civilization based in Andalusia
. As the region was ruled by Islamic dynasties for eight centuries, this may suggest a possible origin of the Rub el Hizb.
The Star of Lakshmi
is a similar symbol, based on the same geometric star figure
, which figures in Hinduism
, where it represents Ashtalakshmi
, the eight forms, or "kinds of wealth", of the goddess Lakshmi
The Rub el Hizb can be seen on: