(5 May 1883, Vienna
- 20 August 1942, Stockholm
) was an Austrian
player of the romantic school
, and chess writer.
He was a lawyer
but never worked as one.
Spielmann was known as "The Master of Attack" and "The Last Knight of the King's Gambit". His daredevil play was full of sacrifices
, brilliancies, and beautiful ideas. This was exemplified, for example, in the 1923 Carlsbad tournament
, where he did not have a single draw
(with five wins and twelve losses).
Despite a strong opposition at that time with players like Alekhine
, Emanuel Lasker
, and Tartakower
, Spielmann managed to score well in numerous tournaments. He won 33 of the roughly 120 in which he played, including Bad Pistyan
1919; Bad Pistyan 1922; and Semmering
He is also remembered as the author of the classic book The Art of Sacrifice in Chess.
As a Jew
, Spielmann had to flee from the Nazis
, escaping to Sweden
. He died in Stockholm
in great poverty.
Spielmann was one of few players to have an even score (+2 =8 -2) against Capablanca
, one of an even smaller number to win more than one game against him, and the only person to fulfill both of those. Both of Spielmann's wins came shortly after Alekhine
dethroned Capablanca as World Champion
in 1927: at Bad Kissingen
1928 and Karlsbad
Here is one of Spielmann's wins:<blockquote>... Read More