Russia's membership in the United Nations
after the dissolution of the Soviet Union
in 1991, was the succession of the Soviet Union
's seat, including its permanent membership on the UN Security Council
. The succession was supported by the USSR's former members and was not objected to by the UN membership; Russia accounted for about half the Soviet Union's economy and most of its land mass; in addition, the history of the Soviet Union
began in Russia. If there was to be a successor to the Soviet seat on the Security Council among the former Soviet republics, these factors made Russia seem like a logical choice. Nonetheless, due to the rather inflexible wording of the United Nations Charter
and its lack of provision for succession, the succession's technical legality has been questioned by some international lawyers.
Chapter V, Article 23 of the UN Charter, adopted in 1945, provides that "The Security Council should consist of fifteen Members of the United Nations. The Republic of China
, The French Republic
, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
, and the United States of America
shall be permanent members of the Security Council."
The USSR collapsed in the early 1990s. Eleven of the twelve members of the Commonwealth of Independent States
signed a declaration on December 21, 1991 agreeing that "Member states of the Commonwealth support... Read More