() is the period of Armenia's
history under Russian rule beginning from 1829, when Eastern Armenia
became part of the Russian Empire
to the declaration of the Democratic Republic of Armenia
in 1918. The term can also refer to the period during which Armenia was the Armenian SSR
under Russian domination.
For hundreds of years, the inhabitants of Eastern Armenia lived under Ottoman
rule. Subsequent wars between the Ottoman and Safavid empires led to the destruction of many of the Armenian towns, and made Armenian life difficult. Added to this, the Armenians were Christian
, while the Ottomans and Persians were both Muslims
In 1678, the Armenian leadership secretly conducted a congress in Echmiadzin
, and decided that Armenia had to be liberated from foreign domination. At this stage, the Armenians were unable to fight against two empires at once, so they searched for help from abroad. Israel Ori
, an Armenian native of Karabagh
, son of an Armenian melik
or prince, searched for help in many of the European capitals. Israel Ori died in 1711, without seeing the Armenian Dream realized.
In 1722, the Tsar of Russia
, Peter the Great
, declared war against the Safavid Persians
's Armenians helped the Russians by rebelling against Safavid rule. David Bek
commanded the rebellion for six years, until David Bek died in the battlefield.
The Russian annexations
A turning-point came in 1801 when the Russians annexed the Georgian