Russian battleship Potemkin

Russian Battleship Potemkin

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Russian battleship Potemkin

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Description:
The Potemkin (, ‘Prince Potemkin of Tauris’) was a pre-dreadnought battleship (Bronenosets) of the Imperial Russian Navy's Black Sea Fleet. The ship was made famous by the Battleship Potemkin uprising, a rebellion of the crew against their oppressive officers in June 1905 (during the Russian Revolution of 1905). It later came to be viewed as an initial step towards the Russian Revolution of 1917, and was the basis of Sergei Eisenstein's silent film The Battleship Potemkin (1925).

Following the mutiny in 1905, the ship's name was changed to Panteleimon after Saint Pantaleon, but restored to Potemkin in 1917, before a final rename to Boretz za Svobodu (Fighter for Freedom) later in that year.

Design and construction of the ship

The ship was laid down at the Nikolayev shipyard in October 1898, launched in October 1900, and commission in 1904. She was named in honour of Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin, a military figure of the 18th century. The vessel was built based on the prototype of the and a modernized version of s (see Oslyabya). The armour scheme was designed after .

Several innovations were incorporated in the design. This was the first Russian battleship with liquid fuelled boilers (although these were replaced by coal fired boilers after a fire during trials) and centralised fire control.

The Uprising

Timeline of the mutiny

Tsentralka (revolutionary sailors' organisation) meet at Malakhov hill east of Sebastopol to plan a mutiny of the Black Sea...
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