Russo-Persian War (1722–1723)

Russo-Persian War (1722–1723)

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Russo-Persian War (1722–1723)

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Russo-Persian War, 1722-1723, known in Russian historiography as the Persian campaign of Peter the Great, was a war between Russia and Persia (Iran), triggered by the tsar's attempt to expand Russian influence in the Caspian and South Caucasus regions and to prevent its rival, Ottoman Turkey, from territorial gains in the region at the expense of the declining Safavid Persia.

Prior to the campaign, Peter I of Russia secured an alliance with a Georgian king Vakhtang VI of Kartli and with Catholicos of Armenia Asdvadzadur. These Christian rulers were seeking Russian aid in their struggle against two expansionist Muslim powers - Turkey and Persia.

In July 1722, the Russian army and Cossacks, numbering about 22,000 men, embarked on ships of the newly-built Caspian Flotilla led by admiral Fyodor Apraksin from Astrakhan. They were joined later by about 22,000 cavalry and the Cossacks marching overland from Tsaritsyn. On August 23, 1722 the Russian army captured Derbent in southern Dagestan. However, in the autumn of this year storms on the Caspian Sea forced Peter the Great to return to Astrakhan leaving Russian garrisons at Derbent and Svyatoy Krest. In September of 1722, Vakhtang VI encamped at Ganja with a combined Georgian-Armenian army of 40,000 to join the advancing Russian expedition, but after receiving news about Peter I's departure returned to Tbilisi in November.

In December 1722 the Russian army and navy, under major general Mikhail Matyushkin, seized Rasht and in July...
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