The Mortimer Trap
is a chess opening trap
in the Ruy Lopez
named after James Mortimer
. The Mortimer Trap is a true trap in the sense that Black deliberately plays an inferior move hoping to trick White into making a mistake.
The trap begins with the moves:
- 1. e4 e5
- 2. Nf3 Nc6
- 3. Bb5 Nf6
Black plays the Berlin Defense
to the Ruy Lopez. Although the Berlin was much more popular in the 19th century than in the 20th, it "became the height of theory
used it as his main defense to defeat Kasparov
in their 2000 World Championship
match".Nick de Firmian
, Modern Chess Openings
, 15th edition, Random House, 2008, p. 43. ISBN 978-0-8129-3682-7.
- 4. d3
White plays a quiet alternative to the more common 4.0-0, 4.d4, or 4.Nc3 (the latter would transpose to the Four Knights Game
wrote that 4.d3 is "Steinitz's
move, with which he scored many spectacular successes during his long reign as World Champion
- 4. ... Ne7
The Mortimer Defense, intending to reroute the knight
to g6. This rare move loses time
and thus is inferior to other moves, but it sets a trap.White has many acceptable replies, but the tempting capture of the black pawn
on e5 is a mistake.
- 5. Nxe5? c6!
(See diagram.)Attacking the white bishop
and threatening 6...Qa5+.If the bishop moves (6.Ba4 or 6.Bc4), Black wins a piece with 6...Qa5+, forking
the white king
- 6. Nc4
White's best try, covering a5 and thus preventing 6...Qa5+, and... Read More