The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act
(Ryan White Care Act
, Ryan White
, ) was an Act of the U.S. Congress
named in honor of Ryan White
, an Indiana teenager
who contracted AIDS
through a tainted hemophilia
treatment in 1984, and was expelled from school because of the disease. White became a well-known advocate
for AIDS research
and awareness, until his death on April 8, 1990.
The act is the United States's largest federally funded program for people living with HIV
. The act sought funding to improve availability of care for low-income
, uninsured and under-insured victims of AIDS and their families.
, Ryan White programs are "payer of last resort", which fund treatment when no other resources are available. As AIDS has spread, the funding of the program has increased. In 1991, the first year funds were appropriated, around US$220 million
were spent; by the early 2000s, this number had almost increased 10-fold. The Ryan White Care Act was reauthorized in 1996, 2000 and 2006. The program provides some level of care for around 500,000 people a year and, in 2004, provided funds to 2,567 organizations. The Ryan White programs also fund local and State primary medical care providers, support services, healthcare provider training programs, and provide technical assistance to such organizations.
In fiscal year... Read More