In the late 1950s Mrożek has begun writing plays. His first play, Policja (The Police), was published in 1958. In 1963 Mrożek emigrated to France and then further to Mexico. In 1996 he returned to Poland and settled in Kraków.
"Tango" (1964) was Mrożek`s first full-length play. It was about totalitarianism and it made him one of the most recognizable writers in the world. In 1975 his second most eminent play "The Emigrants" (a bitter and ironic portrait of two Polish emigrants in Paris) was produced by director Andrzej Wajda in the Teatr Stary, Kraków. Currently, "Tango" along with "The Emigrants" are still performed throughout the world.
Mrożek's works belong to the genre of Theatre of the Absurd, intended to shock the audience with non-realistic elements, political and historic references, distortion and parody.