is one of the three weapons of modern sport fencing
, and is alternatively spelled saber
in American English
. The sabre differs from the other modern fencing weapons, the épée
, in that it is possible to score with the edge of the blade; for this reason, sabreur movements and attacks are very fast. For the other two weapons, valid touches are only scored using the point of the blade. Like foil, sabre uses the convention of right-of-way
to determine who acquires the touch.
The term sabreur
refers to a male fencer
who fences with a sabre. Sabreuse
is the female equivalent.
Sabre was the last weapon in fencing to make the transition over to using electrical equipment. This occurred in 1988, 31 years after Foil
and 52 years after Épée
. In 2004, immediately following the Athens Summer Olympics, the timing for recording a touch was shortened from its previous setting dramatically altering the sport and method in which a touch is scored.
The cross-section of the sabre blade is Y- or V-shaped, unlike the quadrangular shape of the foil
, but not as stiff as the épée
. Adult (Size 5) blades are 88 cm (35 inches) in length. At the end of the blade, the point is folded over itself to form a "button", although no actual button exists. The bell guard of the sword is curved around the handle, giving the fencer hand protection. On electrical sabres, a socket for the body wire is found underneath the bell guard. A fastener known as... Read More