is the capital and the most populous city
of Saitama Prefecture
, situated in the south-east of the prefecture. Its area incorporates the former cities of Urawa
. It is a city designated by government ordinance
. Being in the Greater Tokyo Area
and lying 15 - 30 kilometres north of central Tokyo
, many of its residents commute into Tokyo.
The city was founded on May 1, 2001, and was designated on April 1, 2003 as a government ordinance
. For the histories of Urawa, Ōmiya and Yono before the merger, seeUrawa-ku and Saitama
, Ōmiya-ku and Saitama
and Yono and Saitama
On April 1, 2005, it merged with the city of Iwatsuki to its east, which became a new ward
The city is located 20 to 30 km north of central Tokyo, roughly at the center of the Kantō Plain
. Within Saitama Prefecture, the location corresponds to the southeastern portion bordered by Ageo City, Hasuda City, and Shiraoka Town to the north; Asaka City, Kawaguchi City, Toda City, and Warabi City to the south; Koshigaya City to the east; Kasukabe City to the northeast; and Kawagoe City, Shiki City, and Fujimi City to the west.
Situated within the Kantō Plain, the city is topographically comprised by lowlands and plateaus, mostly falling below 20 m above sea level, with no mountain ranges or hills within the city boundaries. The western portion of the city lies on the lowland created by the Arakawa River
along with those... Read More