Sakya Paṇḍita Kunga Gyeltsen
(Sa skya Paṇḍita kun dga' rgyal mtshan)(or Kunga Gylatshan Pal Zangpo
) (1182–1251) was a Tibetan
spiritual leader and Buddhist
scholar and the fourth of the Five Venerable Supreme Sakya
Masters of Tibet
. Kunga Gyeltsen is generally known simply as Sakya Pandita, a title given to him in recognition of his scholarly achievements and knowledge of Sanskrit
. He is held in the tradition to have been an emanation of the Bodhisattva Manjushri
, the embodiment of the wisdom of all the Buddhas.
He became known as a great scholar in India, China, Mongolia and Tibet and was proficient in the five great sciences of medicine, grammar, dialectics and sacred Sanskrit literature as well as the minor sciences of rhetoric, synonymies, poetry, dancing and astrology. He is considered in Tibet to be the fourth "Great Forefather" and sixth Sakya Trizin
, and one of the most important figures among the Sakya lineage.
He was born at Sakya of the noble family of Jam-yan-gon.Penny-Dimri, Sandra. "The Lineage of His Holiness Sakya Trizin Ngawang-Kunga." The Tibet Journal
, Vol. XX No. 4, Winter 1995, p. 71. or Drakpa Gyaltsen
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