, As Sallum
, or Sollum
() is a village
, near the Mediterranean Sea
, east of the border with Libya
, and around 145 km (91 miles) from Tobruk
Sallum is mainly a Bedouin
community. It has little if any tourist activity or organized historical curiosities. It is a regional trading center.
Sallum was the ancient Roman port of Baranis, and there are some Roman wells still remaining in the area. It rests on the Egyptian North Coast, but the location along the border with Libya, about as far west as one may travel in Egypt, means that it is out of the way of most everything, with few attractions other than a World War II
Commonwealth war cemetery. There is a local post office and a National Bank of Egypt branch.
Sallum is mentioned, in historical terms, to denote the extent of the initial Italian invasion into Egypt
, from Libya, and the Italian Tenth Army
built a series of forts
in the vicinity of Sallum and Sidi Barrani.
There was fighting near Sallum in the Libyan-Egyptian War
Sallum was a destination point during the total solar eclipse
on March 29, 2006, as expeditions traveled to the best observation point.
" annular eclipse expedition" (report),
Solar Physics Group, Astrophysics Lab, University of Rome, January 10, 2007,
webpage (mostly Italiano): :
mentions Sidi Barrani observation area.