(1615 – March 15, 1673) was an Italian Baroque
painter, poet and printmaker
, active in Naples, Rome and Florence. As a painter, he is best known as an "unorthodox and extravagant" and a "perpetual rebel" proto-Romantic
He was born in Arenella
, in the outskirts of Naples
, on either June 20 or July 21, 1615. His father, Vito Antonio de Rosa, a land surveyor, urged his son to become a lawyer or a priest, and entered him into the convent of the Somaschi
fathers. Yet Salvator showed a preference for the arts, and secretly worked with his maternal uncle Paolo Greco to learn about painting. He soon transferred himself to the tutelage of his brother-in-law Francesco Francanzano
, a pupil of Ribera
, and afterwards to either Aniello Falcone
, a contemporary of Domenico Gargiulo
, At the age of seventeen he lost his father; his mother was destitute with at least five children, and Salvator found himself without financial support.
He continued apprenticeship with Falcone, helping him complete his battlepiece canvases. In that studio, it is said that Lanfranco
took notice of his work, and advised him to relocate to Rome, where he stayed from 1634–36.
Returning to Naples,... Read More