Samogitian dialect

Samogitian Dialect

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Samogitian dialect

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Description:
Samogitian (Samogitian: , ) is a dialect of the Lithuanian language spoken mostly in Samogitia (in the western part of Lithuania). Attempts have been made to standardize it. The Samogitian dialect should not be confused with the middle dialect of the Lithuanian language as spoken between the 16th and 18th centuries, which was sometimes referred to as the Samogitian language.

History

The Samogitian dialect, heavily influenced by Curonian, originated from the East Baltic proto-Samogitian dialect which was close to Aukstaitian dialects.

During the 5th century Proto-Samogitians migrated from the lowlands of central Lithuania, near Kaunas, into the Dubysa and Jūra basins, as well as into the Samogitian highlands. They displaced or assimilated the local, Curonian-speaking Baltic populations. Further north, they displaced or assimilated the indigenous, Semigallian speaking peoples. Asimilation of Curonians and Semigallians gave birth for the 3 Samogitian subdialects: "Dounininkų", "Donininkų" and "Dūnininkų".

In the 13th century Samogitia became a part of the Baltic confederation called Lietuva (Lithuania), which was formed by Mindaugas. Lithuania conquered the coast of the Baltic sea from the Livonian order. The coast was populated by Curonians, but became a part of Samogitia. From the 13th century onwards, Samogitians settled within the former Curonian lands, and...
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