Founded November 25, 781 AD, by Máximo and Fromestano, the monestery was dedicated to Saint Vincent (in Spanish: Vicente), a Valencian deacon and martyr. It was the first construction in Oviedo, a city considered to have been founded by Máximo and Fromestano. The church was later transformed into a monastery following the Benedictine Rule, with twenty-six monks.
The style of the building is Romanesque, although reworked in the 11th and 12th centuries. Its cloister<!-- a cloister, which is a structure, cannot be "Benedictine", which is not the name of an architectural style. --> is an official National Historic and Artistic Monument.