Metro de Santiago
is South America's most extensive metro system with 5 lines, 108 stations and 103 kilometres of track making it the second longest in Latin America after that of Mexico City
. The metro
system serves the city of Santiago
. Three of the lines are rubber-tyred metro
. 4-Line and 4A-Line are traditional steel wheels. The system services around 2,300,000 passengers per day.The system is administered by the state-owned Metro S.A.
. Along with Metro Valparaíso
in the city of Valparaíso
and the Biotren
, it is one of the three metropolitan railway systems in Chile
Origin and first project
It serves a city of 6 million inhabitants. Since its opening in 1975, el Metro
has changed the city; it is one of Chile
's most important construction projects. While lines 1, 2, and 5 use rubber tire stock, lines 4 and 4A use steel wheels in order to increase capacity. The rapid growth of the population in the city (in 1920, 507,296 inhabitants; in 1940, 1,073,699 inhabitants) was the principal factor in the birth of the idea. The first plan was in 1944, but only in 1968 did work begin. The original plan was for 5 lines:
- Line 1, between San Pablo and Los Dominicos by the Alameda, Providencia and Apoquindo Avenues.
- Line 2, between Conchalí and San Miguel by Vivaceta, Panamerican Highway and Gran Avenida.
- Line 3,......