- The santur is a Persian hammered dulcimer similar to the Indian santoor.
is an ancient Babylonian stringed musical instrument. It is a trapezoid
-shaped hammered dulcimer
often made of walnut, with seventy strings. The special-shaped mallets (mezrab
) are lightweight and are held between the index and middle fingers. A typical santoor has two sets of bridges, providing a range of three octaves
The Kashmiri santoor
is more rectangular and can have more strings than the Persian counterpart, which generally has 72 strings. The santoor as used in Kashmiri classical music is played with a pair of curved mallets made of walnut wood and the resultant melodies are similar to the music of the harp
, or piano. The sound chamber is also made of walnut
wood and the bridges are made of local wood and painted dark like ebony. The strings are made of steel.
players of the twentieth century include Pandit Shivkumar Sharma
and Pandit Bhajan Sopori
In India, "Santoor" was used as an accompaniment instrument to the folk music of Kashmir
. It was a 100-stringed instrument played in a style of music known as the Sufiana Mausiqi
. The Sufi
mystics used it as an accompaniment to their hymns.
The original Sanskrit name of Santoor was "Shatha Tantri Veena" meaning a lute or a stringed instrument that has over hundred strings. Santoor is a Persian name to this same instrument "Shatha Tantri Veena" that has references... Read More