(, ; plural sardanes
) is a type of circle dance
typical of Catalonia
. The dance was originally from the Empordà
region, but started gaining popularity throughout Catalonia during the 20th century.
There are two main types, the original sardana curta
(short sardana) style and the more modern sardana llarga
(long sardana), which is more popular. Other more unusual sardanes are the sardana de lluïment
and the sardana revessa
The origin of the sardana is not clear. Some say that it was already popular in the 16th century.
What remains undisputed is that the sardana was a popular dance in the Empordà region by the end of the 19th century. Contributing to its mounting popularity by this time were the additions from similarly popular genres such as zarzuela
and the popular Italian operas of the time, which increasingly made the sardana a fad dance
As the rise of the sardana took place, in the context of the Renaixença
or newborn Catalan nationalism, the origins of the dance were embellished in order to symbolize a distinct Catalan ethos as to serve Catalan nationalism. Modern choreography was established as late as the end of the 19th century and features slight differences from the original North-Catalonian
dance. Pep Ventura's band is credited for stabilizing different variants around a clear 6/8 rhythm and fixing the instrumental ensemble. Though... Read More