The Sardinian Pika (Prolagus sardus) was a primitive lagomorph native to the Mediterranean islands of Sardinia and Corsica until its extinction around the year 1800. The previously disappeared Corsican Pika (formerly Prolagus corsicanus) is now considered to be conspecific with this species.
Early Sardinian authors describe the Sardinian Pika as "a giant rabbit with no tail", and it is believed that the Nuragici, the ancient peoples of Sardinia, viewed them as a delicacy. The last surviving population probably existed in the island of Tavolara off the coast of Sardinia, where Francesco Cetti mentions in 1774 the existence of "giant rats of which the land is so abundant that one will crop out of the ground recently removed by pigs".Kurtén, Björn (1968) Pleistocene Mammals of Europe. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London