Sattar Khan

Sattar Khan

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Sattar Khan

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Sattar Khan (Persian/Azeri: ستار خان, ; 1868—November 9, 1914), honorarily titled Sardār-e Melli ( meaning National Commander) was a key figure in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution and is one of the greatest heroes of Iran.

Biography

Initially an unknown man, he became a main figure of the revolution by galvanizing the people of Tabriz to endure two sieges in defense of the Iranian Constitution of 1906,Sharif Al Mujahid. Quaid-i-Azam Jinnah: Studies in Interpretation, Quaid-i-Azam Academy, 1981, p. 294 resisting against the royalist forces sent by Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar. He later led the Azerbaijani contingent of Iranian constitutionalist forces (along with contingents from Gilan, Isfahan and Bakhtiari tribal forces) to Tehran in order to protest the abolishment of the constitution by the Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar. As a result of these efforts, the constitution was restored, and Mohammad Ali deposed. Upon his return to Tabriz, Sattar Khan was treated as a national hero.

Sattar Khan had a major fall out with the interim constitutionalist government over disarming and disbanding of his forces. In 1910, Sattar Khan & Haj Baba Khan-e- Ardabili refused to obey the government order to disarm, believing that their volunteer militias were Iran's best defense against any future attempts by the British and Russians to saddle Iran with another tyrant puppet like...
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