This is a small/medium sized scorpion (3 in) from the family Scorpionidae. There are many sub-species of this scorpion, 19 of which were described by Fet et al.
Although its venom contains a weak neurotoxin called Maurotoxin, S.maurus is not a dangerous scorpion. There are no records of fatalities.
Found in very deep burrows in deserts and occasionally sparse woodland. Its habit of creating very deep burrows (up to 1 metre deep) means that in captivity this scorpion is often happiest with higher humidity: sand that is deep will be moist, thereby creating a comparatively humid burrow.