Second Battle of Homs

Second Battle Of Homs

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Second Battle of Homs

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The Second Battle of Homs was fought in western Syria on October 29, 1281, between the armies of the Mamluk dynasty of Egypt and Ilkhanate, division of the Mongol Empire centered on Iran. The battle was part of Abaqa Khan's attempt at taking Syria from the Mamluks.

After the Mamuluk victories over Mongols at Ain Jalut in 1260 and Albistan in 1277, the Il-khan Abaqa sent his brother Möngke Temur at the head of a large army said to have numbered 80,000: 50,000 Mongols and 30,000 auxiliaries, chiefly Georgians under King Demetrius II and Armenians under King Leo II.

The two armies met south of Homs, a city in western Syria. In a pitched battle, the Georgians, Armenians and Oirats under King Leo II and Mongol generals routed the Mamluk left flank and scattered Muslims, but the Mamluks personally led by Sultan Qalawun destroyed the Mongol centre. Möngke Temur was wounded and fled, followed by his disorganized army. However, Qalawun chose to not pursue the defeated enemy, and the Georgian-Armenian auxiliaries managed to withdraw.

The following year, Abaqa died and his successor, Tekuder, reversed his policy. He converted to Islam and forged an alliance with the Mamluk sultan.Jean, Richard (1999). The Crusades, C. 1071-c. 1291, p. 453. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521625661.Reuven Amitai-Preiss (1995), Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Īlkhānid War, 1260-1281, pp. 179-225. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521462266.

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