The Second Battle of Homs
was fought in western Syria on October 29, 1281, between the armies of the Mamluk
dynasty of Egypt
, division of the Mongol Empire
centered on Iran
. The battle was part of Abaqa Khan
's attempt at taking Syria
from the Mamluks.
After the Mamuluk victories over Mongols at Ain Jalut
in 1260 and Albistan in 1277, the Il-khan Abaqa sent his brother Möngke Temur at the head of a large army said to have numbered 80,000: 50,000 Mongols and 30,000 auxiliaries, chiefly Georgians
under King Demetrius II
under King Leo II
The two armies met south of Homs
, a city in western Syria. In a pitched battle, the Georgians, Armenians and Oirats
under King Leo II and Mongol generals routed the Mamluk left flank and scattered Muslims, but the Mamluks personally led by Sultan Qalawun
destroyed the Mongol centre. Möngke Temur was wounded and fled, followed by his disorganized army. However, Qalawun chose to not pursue the defeated enemy, and the Georgian-Armenian auxiliaries managed to withdraw.
The following year, Abaqa died and his successor, Tekuder
, reversed his policy. He converted to Islam
and forged an alliance with the Mamluk sultan.Jean, Richard (1999). The Crusades, C. 1071-c. 1291
, p. 453. Cambridge University Press
, ISBN 0521625661.Reuven Amitai-Preiss (1995), Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Īlkhānid War, 1260-1281
, pp. 179-225. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521462266.