The Second Triumvirate
(Spanish Segundo Triunvirato
) was the governing body of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata
(present day Argentina
) that followed the First Triumvirate
in 1812, shortly after the May Revolution
, and lasted 2 years.
The second triumvirate is the result of the Revolution of October 8, 1812
, when the generals José de San Martín
and Carlos María de Alvear
joined forces with former supporters of Mariano Moreno
and deposed the First Triumvirate
. When the members of the First Triumvirate were deposed, the Cabildo appointed new ones. Nicolás Rodríguez Peña
was appointed by 172 votes against 12, Antonio Álvarez Jonte
by 147 against 35, and Juan José Paso
by 96 against 87. The new triumvirate called the Assembly of Year XIII
, a popular request that the First Triumvirate avoided to follow. The Triumvirate started its functions on October 8, 1812.
The second triumvirate took measures against the members of the former ones. Pueyrredón was vanished to San Luis, and Rivadavia was imprisoned and trialed. Chiclana was trialed, but found innocent, and then appointed as governor of Salta. Sarratea, under protection of the British diplomacy, did not face any reprisals.
The main actions of the Triumvirate were: