Sejmik

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Description:
A sejmik (, diminutive of sejm) was a regional assembly in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and earlier in the Kingdom of Poland. Sejmiks existed until the end of the Commonwealth in 1795 following the partitions of the Commonwealth. In modern Poland, since 1999, the term sejmik (in full sejmik województwa) has been revived as the name for the elected council of each of the 16 voivodeships or regions (see voivodeship sejmik).

History

Sejmiks arose from the 1454 Nieszawa Statutes, granted to the nobility by King Casimir IV Jagiellon. <!--In the first third of the 15th century, general sejmiks were first held --> These also led in 1493 to the national Sejm.

In the 16th century, the leading force at sejmiks was the middle nobility; later this passed to the magnates (magnaci). Lithuanian sejmiks (Lithuanian - seimelis, pl. seimeliai) in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania were dominated much more by the magnates than those which were subject to the Crown of Poland proper. Sejmiks attained the peak of their importance at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries, when they often set their own time-limits &mdash; that is, extended their authorized periods of operation. Such abuses were suppressed by acts of the one-day Silent Sejm (Polish: sejm niemy) of 1717.

Features

Sejmiks were usually held on a large, open field. There were three kinds of sejmik:

  • General (Polish: generalny, Latin conventiones generales), held in western Poland (Greater Poland, Polish:...... ...
  • ...

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