) is one of the historic subdistrict
of Central Jakarta
. Its close proximity with the some of the historic center of Jakarta: Merdeka Square
(formerly the Koningsplein
) and Lapangan Banteng (formerly the Waterloo Square) means that this area is one of the historic area in Jakarta. Some of the important landmarks of Senen Subdistrict are the Museum of Indonesian National Awakening
(formerly the STOVIA medical school) and the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Indonesia
Senen subdistrict is roughly bounded by a railway line to the east and Ciliwung River
to the west. The area is mainly served by Senen railway station
and Senen bus terminal. Some of the important road of the area are Kramat Raya Road (the main road that formerly link Jakarta with Jatinegara) and Senen Raya Road (the focal point of Senen market).
The historic area of Senen is mainly concentrated on the Senen administrative village
. Senen was developed in 1733 by Dutch entrepreneur Justinus Vinck, after the Dutch government built the new town, Weltevreden
, in south of Batavia. Besides Senen market in the east, Vinck also built Tanah Abang market in the west. The two markets are linked by Kwitang street and Kebon Sirih street.
On November 19, 1919, the government built CBZ (Centrale Burgelijke Ziekenhuis
) in Salemba, southern area of Senen Subdistrict, which was re-named Cipto Mangunkusumo Central Hospital following the nation's... Read More