Serbs in Hungary

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Description:
The Hungarian Serbs are an ethnic minority in Hungary. According to the 2001 census, there were 7,350 Serbs in Hungary or 0.1% of population.

Geography

Small Serb communities are scattered in the southern part of the country.There are also some Serbs who live in the central part of the country - in bigger towns like Budapest, Szentendre, etc. The only settlement with an ethnic Serb majority in Hungary is Lórév/Lovra on Csepel Island. This small village of 307 people had 180 Serb inhabitants in 2001 (and 202 people with a Serb "cultural heritage").

History



The presence of Serbs in the territory of present-day Hungary date from the Middle Ages. The mother of the Hungarian king Géza II (1141-1162) was Helena of Raška, a daughter of the great župan of Raška, Uroš I. During the rule of Géza II, her brother Beluš was a palatine of the Hungarian Kingdom.

Since the 14th century, escaping from the Ottoman threat, a large number of Serbs migrated to the Hungarian Kingdom where many of them served as soldiers. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526, much of the territory of present-day Hungary came under Ottoman rule. During Ottoman rule Hungarian towns began decaying and the former Magyar and German population left them. In that time, especially in the 17th century, many Serb, and other Southern Slavic immigrants settled in Hungary. It is interesting that most of the Ottoman soldiers in the territory of present-day Hungary were South Slavs (mostly Serbs).

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