Sergius I of Moscow

Sergius I Of Moscow

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Sergius I of Moscow

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Patriarch Sergius I (; born Ivan Nikolayevich Stragorodsky (Иван Николаевич Страгородский), – May 15, 1944) was the 12th Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, from September 8, 1943 until his death. He was also the de facto head of the Russian Orthodox Church as Patriarchal locum tenens in 1925-1943.

Early life

Ivan Stragorodsky was born in the town of Arzamas near Nizhny Novgorod in a deeply religious family of an archpriest. Named Sergius after becoming a monk he studied in Nizhny Novgorod seminary and later in Saint Petersburg Theological Academy. In 1890 Sergius was sent with an Orthodox Christian mission to Japan and became fluent in Japanese (he already knew Greek, Latin and Hebrew languages). In 1899 he returned to Saint-Petersburg Theological Academy and was appointed its rector. In 1901 Sergius was appointed archbishop of Finland and Vyborg, and in 1911 he became member of the Russian Holy Synod. On August 10, 1917 he was transferred to the see of Vladimir and Shuya and on November 28 of the same year, Patriarch Tikhon elevated him to the rank of Metropolitan. Bolsheviks arrested Metropolitan Sergius in January 1921, after months in jail he was exiled from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod. From June 16, 1922 to August 27, 1923 Sergius participated in the so-called Living Church (or Renovationist schism), but later publicly repented of his actions and was forgiven by Patriarch Tikhon. He was appointed the Metropolitan of Nizhny Novgorod on...
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