(1538–1599) was a Punjabi
Sufi poet who is regarded as a Sufi
saint. He was the son of Sheikh Usman, a weaver, and belonged to the Dhudha clan of Rajputs. He was born in Lahore
). He is considered a pioneer of the Kafi
form of Punjabi poetry.
Shah Hussain's love for a Brahmin
boy called "Madho" or "Madho Lal" is famous, and they are often referred to as a single person with the composite name of "Madho Lal Hussain
". Madho's tomb lies next to Hussain's in the shrine.Lal, Mohan. (2006) Encyclopaedia of Indian literature.
Vol. 5, Sahitya Akademi, Delhi, p. 3940. ISBN 8126012218
His tomb and shrine lies in Baghbanpura
, adjacent to the Shalimar Gardens
. His Urs
(annual death anniversary) is celebrated at his shrine every year during the "Mela Chiraghan
" ("Festival of Lights").
Kafis of Shah Hussain
Hussain's poetry consists entirely of short poems known as Kafis. A typical Hussain Kafi contains a refrain and some rhymed lines. The number of rhymed lines is usually between four and ten. Only occasionally is a longer form adopted. Hussain's Kafis are also composed for, and have been set to, music deriving from Punjabi folk music. Many of his Kafis are part of the traditional Qawwali
repertoire. His poems have been performed as songs by Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
and Abida Parveen
, among others.
Here are three examples, which draw on the love story of Heer......