Shahabad is located at . It has an average elevation of 143 metres (469 feet).
India census, Shahabad had a population of 67,661. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Shahabad has an average literacy rate of 45%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 53%, and female literacy is 37%. In Shahabad, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.