The Shaheed Minar
( Shohid Minar
lit. "Martyr Monument") is a national monument in Dhaka
, established to commemorate those killed during the Language Movement
demonstrations of 1952.
On February 21, 1952, dozens of students and political activists were killed when the Pakistani
police force opened fire on Bengali protesters who were demanding equal status to their native tongue, Bangla
. The massacre occurred near Dhaka Medical College
and Ramna Park
in Dhaka. A makeshift monument was erected on February 23 by students of University of Dhaka
and other educational institutions, but soon demolished on February 26 by the Pakistani police force.
The Language Movement gained momentum and after a long struggle, Bangla was given equal status as Urdu
. To commemorate the dead, the Shaheed Minar was designed and built by Hamidur Rahman
, a Bangladeshi sculptor. The monument stood until the Bangladesh Liberation War
in 1971, when it was demolished completely during Operation Searchlight
. After Bangladesh gained independence, it was rebuilt.
At present, all national, mourning, cultural and other activities occurred each year regarding 21 February is centered around the Shaheed Minar.
The First Shaheed Minar
The first Shaheed Minar was built immediately after the events of February 21. According to Dr. Sayeed Haider, a main planner and the designer of the first Shaheed Minar, the decision to build it was first... Read More