Shalimar Bagh (Srinagar)

Shalimar Bagh (Srinagar)

Shalimar Bagh (Srinagar)

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Shalimar Bagh, (Hindi: शालीमार बाग़, Urdu: شالیمار باغ), is a Mughal garden linked through a channel to the northeast of Dal Lake, on its right bank located at near Srinagar city in the Jammu and Kashmir. Its other names are Shalamar Garden, Shalamar Bagh, Farah Baksh and Faiz Baksh, and the other famous shore line garden in the vicinity is Nishat Bagh. The Bagh was built by Mughal Emperor Jahangir for his wife Nur Jahan, in 1619. The Bagh is considered the high point of Mughal horticulture. It is now public park.


While the recent history and development of the Mughal types of gardens is credited to Emperor Jahangir of the Mughal Dynasty, the ancient history of the garden that existed here is traced to the 2nd century when it was built during the reign of Pravarsena II. Praversena II founded the city of Srinagar and ruled in Kashmir from 79 AD to 139 AD. He had built a cottage for his stay at the northeastern corner of the Dal Lake and had named it as Shalimar (‘Shalimar’ in Sanskrit means "Abode or Hall of Love”). The King, on his visits to a local saint by the name Sukarma Swami at Harwan, used to halt at this cottage. Over the years, the cottage fell into ruins and later could not be located also. However, the village name remained as 'Shalimar'. It is at this location that Emperor Jahangir built his celebrated Shalimar Bagh, his dream project to...
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