() is the tenth month of the lunar Islamic calendar
means to ‘lift or carry’; so named because she-camels
normally would be carrying a fetus at this time of year.
Fasting during Shawwāl
The first day of Shawwāl is Eid ul-Fitr
. Some Muslims
observe six days of fasting
during Shawwāl beginning the day after Eid ul-Fitr since fasting is prohibited on this day. These six days of fasting together with the Ramadan
fasts, are equivalent to fasting "perpetually", according to Sahih Muslim
. The reasoning behind this tradition is that a good deed in Islam is rewarded 10 times, hence fasting 30 days during Ramadan and 6 days during Shawwāl is equivalent to fasting the whole year in terms of reward. It is a common misconception that the six days of fasting must be undertaken on consecutive days, but there is no hadith
that support or stipulate this.
The Islamic calendar
is a lunar calendar
, and months begin when the first crescent
of a new moon
is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year
, Shawwāl migrates throughout the seasons. The actual and estimated start and end dates for Shawwāl are as follows:
- 01 Shawwāl, Eid ul-Fitr is celebrated throughout the Muslim World.
- 13 Shawwāl, primary traditionist of the Sunni Muslims, Muhammad al-Bukhari, was born in 194 AH.
- 17 Shawwāl, early Muslims took part in the Battle of Uhud