The Sheffield District Rail Rationalisation Plan
was a series of linked railway
civil engineering projects, station and line closures and train route changes that took place in and around Sheffield
, South Yorkshire
. The majority of these changes took place in the 1960s and early 1970s, however the plan, by now much modified in the face of rapidly dwindling freight traffic, was not fully realised until the 1980s.
In the 1960s, the Sheffield area was one of the busiest areas in the country for rail traffic, in particular for freight traffic: a BRB report showed that 10% of the country's rail freight emanated from the Sheffield area.Engines must not enter the Potato Siding
, BBC TV documentary, 1968 The facilities that existed, however, were built by competing railway companies in the 19th century and were cramped and outmoded. In an era of central government economic planning this was seen as constraint on Britain's economic growth; government money was made available to relieve these bottlenecks. At the same time, passenger facilities in Sheffield were to be made more convenient, representing the need for faster and more frequent trains on fewer routes stopping at fewer intermediate stations, but allowing more convenient changing between trains for the remaining local and long-distance express trains.
The major part of the rationalisation plan involved:
- The concentration of passenger services on Sheffield Midland and the closure of......