The Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee
() (also called the parliament of the Sikhs) is an organization in India
responsible for the upkeep of gurdwaras
places of worship in three states of Punjab
and Himachal Pradesh
. SGPC also administers Harmandir Sahib
. Gurdwaras in Delhi
are the administered by Delhi Sikh Gurudwara Management Committee
. These committees comprise of officials elected in open conclaves held at Harmandir Sahib
in which all Sikhs may participate.
The SGPC is governed by a chairman, a treasurer and a general secretary. The SGPC manages the security, financial, facility maintenance and religious aspects of Gurdwaras
as well as keeping archeologically rare and sacred artifacts, including weapons, clothes, books and writings of the Sikh Gurus
. SGPC also sponsors and manages various educational institutions, hospitals and charity organizations.
Bibi Jagir Kaur
was the first woman to be elected as the president of the SGPC in September 2004. She had held the same post from March 1999 to November 2000. As of 2006, the chief of the Committee is Avtar Singh Makkar.
In 1920 the emerging Akali
leadership summoned a general assembly of the Sikhs holding all shades of opinion on November 15, 1920
in vicinity of the Akal Takht
. The purpose of this assembly was to elect a representative committee of the Sikhs to administer the Harimandir Sahib
Complex and other important historical gurdwaras
. Two... Read More