The is one of Japan's major manga awards, sponsored by Shogakukan Publishing. It has been awarded annually for serialized manga since 1955 and features candidates from a number of publishers.
The current award categories are:
Initially, there was only one general award. In 1976, the General category was introduced. From 1976 to 1989, the General category was called the .
Special awards are also occasionally given out for outstanding work, lifetime achievement, and so forth.
The laureates were awarded for comics published during the years listed in the table. However, the laureates were not presented and the prizes weren't given out until the beginning of the following year. The prizes are often referred to by the numbers listed below instead of the years.