The shooting competitions at the 1996 Summer Olympics took place at the Wolf Creek Shooting Complex near Atlanta, United States. Competitions were held in ten men's events and five women's events. For men's and women's double trap, it was the first Olympic competition, and because a women's shotgun event thus had been added, it was also the first time that no Olympic shooting competitions were open to both genders. This caused some controversy as the winner of the open skeet event at the Barcelona games in 1992 was a woman, Zhang Shan, and double trap, the only event now available to her, is quite unsimilar to skeet. Women's trap and skeet were added to the program in 2000.
In addition, the number of targets in trap and skeet had been reduced from 200 to 125, and the final rules for all events were changed so that any post-final ties would be broken by shoot-offs, as opposed to the previous rule that preferred the shooter with worse qualification score and better final score.