The Siege of Louisbourg
took place in 1745 when a New England
colonial force aided by a British fleet captured Louisbourg
, the capital of the French province of Île-Royale
(present-day Cape Breton Island
) during the War of the Austrian Succession
, known as King George's War
in the British colonies.
Although the Fortress of Louisbourg
's construction and layout was acknowledged as having superior seaward defences, a series of low rises behind them provided attackers places to erect siege batteries. The fort's garrison was poorly paid and supplied, and its inexperienced leaders mistrusted them. The colonial attackers were also lacking in experience, but ultimately succeeded in gaining control of the surrounding defences. The defenders surrendered in the face of an imminent assault.
Louisbourg was an important bargaining chip in the peace negotiations to end the war, since it represented a major British success. Factions within the British government were opposed to returning it to the French as part of any peace agreement, but these were eventually overruled, and Louisbourg was returned, over the objections of the victorious colonists, to French control after the 1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
in Boston, Massachusetts
is named after the siege.
The mutual declarations of war between France and Britain in 1744 were seen as an opportunity by British colonists in New England
who were increasingly wary of the threat Louisbourg posed to their fishing... Read More