The Siege of Nuremberg
or Siege of Nürnberg
was a battle campaign that took place in 1632 about the Imperial City of Nuremberg
during the Thirty Years' War
In 1632, rather than face the numerically superior Imperial
army under the command of Albrecht von Wallenstein
, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
ordered a tactical retreat into the city of Nuremberg
. Wallenstein's army immediately started to invest
Nuremberg and laid siege
to the city, waiting for hunger and epidemics
to cripple the Swedish force.
It proved difficult for the besiegers to maintain the siege because the city was large and needed a large force to man the circumvallation
. In Wallenstein's camp, there were 120,000 soldiers, 50,000 horses, 15,000 women, and 15,000 servants. Foraging to supply such a large static besieging force proved to be extremely difficult.
regiments and troops from the Rhine numbering around 50,000 troops with 6,000 cannon reinforced the 70,000 regular troops and 30,000 Nuremberg militia already deployed by Gustavus Adolphus.
With poor sanitation and inadequate supplies, both sides suffered from hunger, typhus
. To try to break the deadlock, the forces under the command of Gustavus Adolphus attacked the entrenchments of the imperial army's circumvallation in the Battle of the Alte Veste
but failed to break through. Eventually, the siege ended after eleven weeks when the Swedes
and their allies withdrew. Through a combination of disease, hunger and battle fatalities, about... Read More