The Siliguri Corridor
() or Chicken's Neck
() is a narrow stretch of land that connects India
's north-eastern states
to the rest of India. This strip of land is only 21 to 40 km in width, with the countries of Nepal
lying on either side of the corridor. The kingdom of Bhutan
lies on the northern side of the corridor.
The city of Siliguri
in the state of West Bengal
is the major city in this area. The city is the central node that connects Bhutan, Nepal, Sikkim
, Darjeeling hills
, north-east India and the rest of India.
- See also Partition of India
The Siliguri Corridor was created in 1947 after the partition of Bengal
(former state of East Bengal
, now independent Bangladesh
Being a sensitive area amidst three countries, the strip is heavily patrolled by the Indian Army
, the Assam Rifles
, the Border Security Force
and the West Bengal Police
. In recent times, the area has become the focus of illegal crossings between Bangladeshi rebels and Nepali Maoist
insurgents, both in search of refuge from their country. A flourishing narcotics
and weapons traffic also takes place in this region. DNA
. 22 July 2007. Accessed 30 May 2008.
All land transportation between mainland India and its far north-eastern states must use this circuitous corridor, as there is no free trade agreement between Bangladesh and India. The route has a major broad gauge
railway line in addition to the old......